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: Armenian Terrorism Against The Turks 1
 

  • In South Azerbaijan and in other places of Iran situation became tense. People of Tabriz gazered and attacked the armenian blocks to take avengeance for the innocent bloods of azerbaijanians. But government army could prevent armenian bloodshed. Moslems completely destroyed armenian shops in Khorasan. The shah army prevented the bloodshed there, too.
    In June 1905, armed conflicts took place in Jabrail, too. Enemy completely turned upside down the village Veysalli under the leadership of Sokrat by name. Armenians attacked the village Gajar. After 6 houred battles armenians lost about 150 men and they were obliged to run away. Company headed by officer named Ashot was annihilated. 12 azerbaijanians were killed. Armenian village Afshar was burnt, tens of cut throats were taken prisoners. After a while 3 000 armed armenians reattacked the village of Gajar. Defenders of the village and their armed helpers attacked armenians. They suffered great losses. 400 armenian cut throats were killed. Suddenly moslem riders attacked the armenian village of Sheykhmali. They obliged armenians to run. Enemy suffered great losses. Enemy taking shelter in Duduklu was driven away. Moslem riders defeated them in Jamilli. Despite of the Russians` help armenian cut throats were driven away from the village Khirmanjic considered to be inpregnable.
    By instigation of armenians bloody battles took place from August 16 to 21 in Shusha. Azerbaijanians won this battle. Here is the summary of these events: In August 8, 17 workers from the South Azerbaijan were killed by armenians. In August 16, azerbaijanians were attacked. Moslems subjected to attack took a defence position and made 5 barricades. Mounted defachments came for help from neigh-bouring villages. Armed armenians were obliged to run away. Cavalry from the South Azerbaijan attacked from Agdam armenian villages of Pirjamal and Aran-zamin. Losing 213 men in these battles enemy concealed in the forests.
    In the middle of 1905 again the situation was tense in Baku. After this failure well armed armenians again began to attack azerbaijanians. Exchange of fires continued till september 10. 10 azerbai-janians were killed. Armenians had been calmed by the help of 82th Dagestan regi-ment.
    At the end of september arme-nians began to attack azerbaijanians in Javanshir region. With unseen cruelty they murdered all the residents of the village Sirkhavand. A lot of azerbaijanian villages were destroyed in this region. In bloody battles in Papravand armenians met with the serious resistance of azerbaijanians. 15 azerbaijanians and 120 armenians were killed.
    In November, 1905 armenian cut throats killed 40 men in Ghanja, and about 15 men were killed and wounded in Tiflis. Moslem blocks of Mollajamilly, Chayly and Hajimalikly of the mountainous part of Ghanja often ran attacks of arme-nians. Armenians (basically women) were robbing the wasted azerbaijanian houses and burning them. A brave man Tatogly Gara by name, with his companion-in-arms was courageously fighting against the enemies and preventing their promotion. Tatogly`s murdering by Russians made the moslem residents of the city more incen-sive. Alakhbar bay Rafibayly mobilized the Ghanja patriots. The band of outlaws headed by Dali Ali came down from the mountains to help them. Armenian vandals got their deserts.
    In autumn again the bloodshed took place in Nakhchivan. In November 26, at night armenians attacked and killed many azerbaijanians, destroyed shops and mar-kets. Russian Cossacks evidently helped armenians. In this battle lasted till Novem-ber 30, was robbed a lot of wealth. Arme-nians with Russian Cossacks robbed the village Jahri and burnt it.
    In November, 1905 they de-stroyed Sofulu village of Gazakh region and killed its population. On January 22, 1906 on Gurban bayram day (day of sacrifice) armenians killed 2 men, 2 women were taken prisoners with their babies and burnt. Hearing it Ismail bay Nuri came to the aid of village with his men and drove arme-nians away. Counter attacked azerbai-janians had killed 80 armenians in Askipara. 4 azerbaijanians died death of heroes in this battle. 300 armenians had been killed in Garagoyunlu. Enemy lost 50 men in Tatly.
    On June 12 18, 1906, armed armenians with the government troops under the leadership of Goloshapov, - general governor of Yelizavetpole attacked azerbaijanians in Shusha for the II time. Armenian provocateurs had killed a clergyman and threw his body into moslem block Gocharli. Inspired by it armenian sotnic Gazarov had been raged. They blocked azerbaijanians` way to Shusha from Askharan and Shusha was blockaded. Sultan bay and Ibrahim bay came to help from Zangazur. Armenians couldn`t bear azerbaijanians` attacks and ran away. 30 men died death of heroes, 21 men were wounded in this battle. Enemy had loses 500 men in killed, 290 men in wounded.
    On Jule 29, 1906 armenians attacked the village Kharkhana of Zangazur province. Unarmed people was obliged to leave the village. Cut throats found and killed 30 women who had been concealed. On that day enemy also dealt with the residence of Khalaj, Saldashli, Injivar and Dashnov. Who could escape huddled together in Gatar. 9 days they courageously fought against the armed armenians. But finally they had to leave the village. After turning into heap of ruins the village Gatar consisting of 750 houses and 3500 of men armenian cut throats in August attacked village Okhchu, Shabadak, Aralik, Pirdavud, Atgiz which were situated on the bank of river Okhchu. They dealt with the azerbaijanians. Those who survived found a shelter in a place called Saqqarsu. Early in the morning armenians attacked these helpless, unarmed people and killed them. 62 women and children who was hiding behind the stones were killed. Tens of women, old and children were murdered in the forests nearby. Bloodthirsty enemy cut 15 children`s throat at once. Totally, arme-nian bandits attacked 21 azerbaijanian villages, killed men and women, robbed and turned into heap of ruins.
    At that period the party Difai substantiated on enlightenment and military power played an important part in the struggle of turks against the armenian terrorism. Soon national defence organi-zations formed in places commissions and committees (Tatar committees) reorga-nized to the local organs of this party. This process began in summer of 1906. The founder of this party was one of the leaders of national resistance movement Ahmad bay Agayev. Tzar officials called this party as The moslem fighting party. Thanks to the organizational activities of this party patriotic forces joined, had gotten guns.Met with a serios opposition enemy and his Russian patrons had understood that they had to answer for all that they had done and acted accordingly. The tzar goveren-ment declared reconciliation between these two nations.
    On a whole, from February of 1905 till autumn of 1906 at the result of opposition of armenians and moslems more than 10 000 men had been killed from both sides, 128 armenian, 158 azerbaijanian villages had been turned into heap of ruins, 15 000 family was robbed.
    During the World War I which precipitated to the disintegration of both Russia and Ottoman empires, England, France and Russia took an occasion of the armenian separatism in Turkey. Armenians considered that the great states would give them an opportunity to establish indepen-dent state of Armenia. But it wasn`t so. It was clearly seen from the English Russian and French agreements of 1915 1916, that those areas of Turkey which wished arme-nians would be divided between Russia and France. Tzar Nickolas implied to armenians who was living in those areas of Turkey which had been invaded by Russian troops: There is no an armenian problem in Rus-sia, as well as yakut one. In May, 1916 in London between England and France was concluded confidential contract about divi-sion of the Arabian territories and partially part of Small Asia which entered into structure of Ottoman empire.
    Following the vain dreams armenians had brought great misfortunes and tragedies both to his own and Turkish people. But it wasn`t a good lesson for them.
    Before the war began between Turkey and Russia Caucasian committees of Dashnak and Ghnchak parties formed voluntary military units in order to help Russian troops. They assured them that if the war begins they would rise in rebelition and support Russians.
    In November though Ottoman empire (Ittihad va Taraqqi - Unit and Progress government) was internally weak and wasn`t ready to war. He joined the World War I in allience with Germany.
    In November of 1914 under the instigation of their patrons artmenians rose in rebelition in Zeytun. They demanded guns and military supplies from Russians for 15 000 men. Russia wanted to transfer it through the port of Antalya by the help of Englishmen to rebels of Zeytun, but couldn`t. Englishmen prefered to arm arme-nian rebels themselves.
    In November of 1914 Ottoman government mobilized armenians to the army and armed them. But armenians deserted from the army, organized armed detachments, took the part of Russians and helped them. The member of Ottoman Parliament dashnak Haro Pastermachyan headed this armed detachment in Van. In February of 1915 such detachments had been formed in Bitlis and Mush. Another member of parliament dashnak Papazyan took an active part in this matter. In December of 1914 Pastermachyan`s armed detachments deserted to Russians side, formed a special batalion and began fighting against the Ottoman troops. In February of 1915 Papazyan`s detachments also acted so. All these had effected the battles on Gars direction and Turkish troops had been defeated in Sariqamish.
    Armenian separatists were inspired by the promotion of Russian troops. In April of 1915 more than 15 000 armenians joined Russian army in Sivas, but the rest stayed to assault Turkish troops in the flank. In March April number of rebels had been increased twice to 4000. Governor of the city Jovdat bay was obliged to leave it. On May 8th armenians attacked Van. On May 17th Van broke up. On May 18th, Russian tzar Nickolas thanked armenians for their selflessness in this operation. By the help of Echmiadzin not only armenians of eastern provinces, but also those who lived in Istanbul had connections with Russian government. Such a case was unpermissible in war conditions.
    On April 24, Minister of Internal Affairs of Ottoman empire gave an order to abolish all the armenian committees in Istanbul and other cities, to arrest all the leaders and the most active members of these nationalist and traitorous organi-zations. 2345 suspected men were arrested. Those men whose offence was proved were kept arrested, the rest were dismissed. Armenians appraised this event as the I steps in false Armenian genocide. They absolutely unfounded prosecute Turkey in killing of about 600 armenian intellects during this action. The objective inves-tigators are wondered not at these arrests, but why they were so late.
    Armenians helped Russian troops to enter Van. After it thousands of arme-nians came there from Eastern Anadolu. There had been gathered more than 250 000 of armenians. Armenian cut throats annihilated 47 000 moslem population of the city with unseen torments and they were driven away of their native lands. The reason for such an atrocious treating was armenians attempts to change minority into majority. They were in minority in all these provinces, but they wanted to establish their own independent govern-ment.
    Naturally, armenian atrocities against moslems couldn`t stay without reaction by turks.
    Armenians` open betrayal, help to enemy, their prejudice of successes of Turkish troops made necessary to displace them from war positions to rear. Ottoman government tried to neutralize armenians not harming them. From the middle of May began displacing of armenians from fron-tage position to Syria and Mesopotamia.
    In given instruction all connected with displacement social and precau-tionary measures were provided. But, unfortunately, translating exactly of all these instructions into reality in war conditions wasn`t always possible. In some places there were cases of indefference and weakness of controlling by local func-tionaries. There was lack of food products in the country.
    703 000 of armenians were displaced to provided regions from Eastern Anadolu. But about 300 000 of them couldn`t bearing hard conditions of migration, hunger, infectionous deseases, further more, at the result of attacks of unknown bandits died.
    The Ottoman government arres-ted about 1400 criminals and a greater part of them were sentenced to death.
    In July of 1915, turkish troops attacked and set Van free. For fear of those accomplished crimes 200 000 of armenians retreated with the Russian troops. About 40 000 of them were caught in traps made by kurds and died.
    In August of the same year Russian troops attacked and seized Van for the second time. Armenians going in the front and behind of the Russians troops had done unseen atrocities against the moslems of those places seized by them. Thousands of turks were victims of their bloody crimes. Armenian cut throats killed about 600 000 kurds. Their atrocity terrified even Russian officers.
    Though, before the war totally there lived 3 000 000 moslems in Trabzon, Arzinjan, Erzrum, Van and Bitlis, after war there stayed only 600 000 refugees.
    Facts show that deeds of arme-nian separatists and dashnak cut throats led to unfortunate results and tragedies for both nations turks and armenians. It was evident that Europe that latently ruled over these events, used armenians as pawns (Jan Pol Ru). They made them to move as if on the chess board and finally threw them away. But this also wasn`t a lesson for them.
    The long-suffering nation ev-en tried to be profitted by this events in their own favour. Soon they kicked a false row about the armenian genocide. But the truth was so, that the Ottoman empire didn`t want to annihilate them as an ethnic group. There was neither a single fact, argument, nor a document connected with those events had been published and reached to the world community in the state archieves.
    The reasons of armenians tragedy were their open help to enemy taking his side and making state crimes. And this obliged the Ottoman government to displace armenians from the front line to the rear. In war conditions it was impossible to equipe even the army with food products suffici-ently. At that time when the infectious deseases and robberies were increasing it wasn`t possible exactly to translate into realizing all the measures for providing social welfare.
    Couldn`t prove their fancy about genocide by documents armenians and their supporter historians, raised another groundless, a violent assumption, as if at that time there was another illegal govern-ment, beside the official one in Turkey and all these atrocities had been committed by them. In order to make these violent assumptions more impressionable they artificially increased little by little the number of killed armenians from 300 000 to 2 000 000 men. But in reality, it is an exact fact, that before the war there lived only 1 300 000 armenians in Turkey. In 1921 their number was about 685 000. During the war years 420 000 armenians removed from Turkey to Russia. It is evidently seen from the simple countings that number of killed men had not to be more than 300 000 persons. The number of killed men was shown as many as so in the letter of arme-nian delegation to France Foreign Affaires in December of 1918.
    These desinformations helped to hide the bloodshed the real genocide of armenians against the turks.
    In January of 1917, when the Russian troops retreated from Trabzon Erzinjan and Bitlis armenians outrageously dealt with turks. In the middle of Desember 1917, when the Russian soldiers were deser-ting from the army, armenians formed an organization of Union of armenian fighters and gave 400 men to the Russian officer`s disposal. Armenians got armed. Erzrum and neighbouring Russian ammuni-tion dumps were also in their hands. But turks were unarmed . Armenians committed atrocities and robberies and killed residents with unseen savagery. In February of 1918 in Erzinjan was committed unseen massacre by armenians headed by Murad Sivasetsin. Armenians wearing Russian soldier`s dres-ses gathered all turks of Erzinjan and neighbuoring settlements to the church yard, shot them down and burnt their dead-bodies.
    The wildness of bloodthirsty armenians terrified even Russian soldiers. According the Russian army commander`s information they have slaughtered 800 turks in Erzinjan. Armenians also have massacred the peaceful, unarmed residents of Ilige village, not far from Erzrum. Russian officer, lieutenant-colonel Tverdo-khlebov was writting: Wewere power-less against the armenian wildness. On February 12, 1918 armed armenians shot unarmed turks at the station. On the next day Andranik Gazanyan was nominated the commandant of Erzrum. Armenians` wild-ness increased. On that same day they slaughtered the whole population of Gara-goy village. Europeans published in the pages of their newspapers and magazines informations under the titles Armenians crimes against peaceful inhabitants. Mur-derous actions of armenians in Erzrum, Andranik is a werewolf, Erzrum is a butchery, etc.
    After the October revolution, after nominating of S. Shaumyan as an extraordinary commissar of Caucasus terror and violences of armenians for reesta-blishment of made up Great Armenia expanded (This state had been existing for 29 years in 95 66 B.C.).
    Armenian nationalists destroyed 109 villages in Zangazur, 157 in Garabag. From 1917 till March 1918 they rased into the ground 197 moslem villages in Iravan province. Totally, at that time 60 settle-ments were annihilated entirely, 388 were burnt, 5140 farms were wrecked.
    Further, armenian`s genocide politics against the turks more intensified.
    In March of 1918, in Baku, for strenghening the social base of Soviet government existing under the leadership of S. Shaumyan they had been mediated by a great number of bolshevicks in genocide against the moslem population who supported the Musavat party. In his letter to V.Lenin (NULL, 13 april) Shaumyan confessed that the government itself wittingly allowed the national bloodshed. Nariman Narimanov`s supplications about the preventing of poor from pogroms didn`t influence on S. Shaumyan being his party companion. In those days M. A. Rasulzadeh was writing: Shaumyans` actions in Baku doesn`t ressemble those in Petrograd and MoscowThere a class war, but here under the cover of class war the national blood-shed was executed. Dashnaks reven-gedThose gun fires that were exploded on heads of turkish democracy, unjustice done against the azerbaijanians, was for the annihilation of those, who carried the idea of Azerbaijan, self government and sovereignity.
    As the railroad was closed several thousands of armed armenians which were demobilized from the cancelled Caucasian front gathered in Baku. In general 7 000 of armenian soldiers gathered there. Besides it there was a well armed dashnak military unit consisting of several thousands of men armed armenians acted wilfully, robbed and destroyed in the city. 70 per cent of the soldiers of the military unit of Baku Soviet (Red Quards) consisting of 10 000 12 000 persons were armenians. But the forces that azerbaijanians relied on were some hundreds of soldiers of officers of moslem division in steam-ship of Evelina that was standing in Baku port.
    On March 29, the Baku Soviet dis-armed this unit. On March 30, azerbai-janians went into the streets and demanded on to giving back their guns. Bolshevic dashnak forces blocaded Ismailiyya and Icheri sheher (Inner City). One of their detachments took position along the boulevard. On March 31, national forces oppressed and blocaded them. But the forces coming for help saved them from death. National forces disamed bolshevic dashnak detachments in Surakhani. Bloody battles took place between the sides in Bibiheybat. Bolshevics consisting a great part of armenians began to collaborate with dashnaks, menshevics, socialist revolu-tionaries and even kadets (constitutional democrats) against Musavat on national base. On March 31, the Baku Soviet gave an ultimatum saying that, it had to be known as the only state organ, azerbaijan division had to be out of the city, Baku Tiflis, Baku Petrovsk railroads had to be opened. Avoiding from bloodshed Musa-vat agreed with it. But the Baku Soviet having aim to annihilate azerbaijanians, to strengthen own social base and joined troops of national council of armenians consisting of 10 000 men began to shoot peaceful moslems. Ruling on military units , majority in detachment staffs of the Baku Soviet was in the hands of armenians. Armenian Z. Avetisyan was nominated as a commander of III brigade, and Gazaryan (Gazarov) as a commander of corps. They and others took an active part in killing and robbering of moslems.
    Azerbaijanians for preventing bloodshed on a mass scale stopped the battle. But armenians didn`t do so. The battle was severe that armenian and soviet detachments could take every house by attack in moslem part. Experienced and well armed armenian soldiers stabled, killed men with the dagger, assulted them by a sword bayonet, threw the children into the burning houses, babies 3 4 days of birth had been charged with the bayonets. Armenian soldiers attacked Nickolas street were heading by armenian intellectuals. One of them entered the moslem house shot down 8 women and children. Burst into the house of Haji Amir Aliyev armenians had killed everyone at home, they nailed a women of 25 years to the wall, cut a child of 3 years into pieces. Another unit got into the Mukhtarovs` house in Persian street, obliged 9 moslem intellectuals to go out the street, shot them down in church square and burnt 2 of dead bodies. Vandal armenians showed more savageness against the moslem women. Ears, noses and genitals of 57 dead moslem women`s body found in the same place were cut off and their stomacks were punched. Tens of young women alively were nailed to the wall. Dashnaks killed not only musavatists, but the all moslems. The moslem population of Zibilli dara and Mahammadli estates of Baku were absolutely annihilated.
    Russian aeroplanes and the ships of the Caspian Fleet fired down the moslem estates of the city. 200 sea men of the Caspian Fleet took part in these street fightings. The Fleet staff had been deceived that moslems were killing Russians in Icheri Sheher. On April 1-sh the ships fired on the city. Ismailiyya, the minaret of the mosque Taza Pir and some other buil-dings were serioussly destroyed.
    Bloodshed came to such an extent that taking side of the Baku Soviet in battles 36-th Turkmanistan regiment, the Caspian Fleet,including the staffs of Kras-navodsk and Ardahan ships demanded to stop outrages and violencies, otherwise they would open gun fire at the armenian part of the city. Massacre of azerbaijanians in Baku lasted till midnight of April 2 nd.
    According the accounts of the Extraordinary Military Investigation Commission during 3 days armenians had killed 12 000 turk moslem population in Baku. The newspaper , (Our voice) in its number for march 24 (April 4), 1918 was writting: The dead bodies had been benumbed and mutilated everywhere. There is unbeared scene near the mosque Taza Pir. The mosque itself is partly destroyed. The insult of the worship place hurts the hearts of great masses, the dead bodies mostly excited them. It is felt how the poison of abhorrence and outrage pierced deeply. Much more must be done for eliminating of this enemity. We mustn`t allow changing of this abhorrance into furious revenge. Iranian communist M. Pishavary writes: I was an eye witness of dashnack atrocities in March of 1918, how unfaulty men, especially Iranians were killed and their dead-bodies were burnt in karvansaray. Another foreigner by name Kulna describes what he sow: Attacking only moslem blocks of the city armenians were killing men, slashing them by sword, charging with the bayonets, burnt houses, threw the children into burning houses and burnt them alively. Children who were only 3-4 days of birth were put on the bayonets. After some days in one of the ditches were found 87 moslem dead-bodies. Their sto-macks were torn out, their ears, noses, and genitalswere cut off. They didn`t feel sorry for alds and children.


     
     
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