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Общественность: Armenian Terrorism Against The Turks 2
 

  • Armenian cut-throats settling in armenian villages of Shemakha – Madrasa, Maysarily, Kalakhana, Zarkhy, Sagiyan and Kalghanje very often were attacking azerbaijanians, commited atro-cities and robberies. In Madrasa and Gozlu (Khilmilly –T.G.) where molokans (russians) were living organized armed bands. Under the head of Shemakha elit-nobility and merchants small, but skillful units were formed aganist their violent actions of armenians, they resisted, some-times attacked and drove them away. Against the armenian cut-throats good shots unit took an active part headed and trained by the old turkish officer, wounded in World War I resident of Shemakha Osman Affandy. In the struggle against the enemy chif of the city colonel Azad bay Gojamanbayov, police officer Vahab bay Rahimbayov, besides Mehmed Tagi, Ushudu Ibad, Mehmed Sadig, Baymirza and others especially distinguished. Bolshevik-dashnak army`s arrival to Shemakha in April intensified activity of armenians.
    Frantic bolshevic – dashnak mili-tary detachments by the help of native armenians and malokans seized Lankaran on April 14, Shemakha on 18 – 19 , Salyan on 21, Guba on 24, and killed azerbai-janians. Especially they acted violently in Shemakha and Guba. Under the leadership of S. Lalayan they destroyed 72 villages and killed about 7 000 azerbaijanians in Shemakha. 1653 of them were women, 965 were children. Lalayan ordered to blocked all the mosques, where old, women and children have sheltered and burn them. It was noted in the acts of invenians burst into the mosque, caught Akhund Mullah Jafargulu, put out his eyes, cut off his tongue, nose and ears, stripped the skin of his face and head, then shot him. Killed all the women that have been sheltered in the mosque and in akhund`s house. Shemakha was absolutely smashed and burnt. Only a small part of Shemakha dwellers could escape with the help of armed units came from Ghanja and leave the city. Armenian`s terror continued in Shemakha afterwards. Thus at the beginning of 1918 there were living 15 000 inhabitants, in 1921 stayed only 1 700 men. Under the leadership of Amazasp bolshevics and dashnaks robbed and destroyed 122 moslem villages, hun-dreds of azerbaijanians murdered in Guda.
    On the whole in March-April of 1918 armenians had killed more than 50 000 azerbaijanians.In May of 1918 they had murdered hundreds of moslems in Akhal-kalak and in neighbouring villages.
    Bolshevik-dashnak troops consisting of 18 000 men seizing Shemakha went on Ghanja, along the way till Goy-chay they killed all moslem population, robbed and ruined the settlements. Russia for keeping oil Baku in his hands was agree to disintegrate Azerbaijan, to give Gara-bagh, Zangazur and Nakhchivan to Arme-nia, whole territory beginning from Ghanja to Georgia. Stalin was writting to Sha-umyan: «Germans are agree to keep Baku in our hands. But they want some oil instead of it. As Georgia`s sovereignity is recog-nized by Germany, don`t overstep the limits of Ghanja». Azerbaijanians saw the only way of getting rid of armenian and russian terrors in forming of a regular army by the help of Turkey. Appeals were made to and delegation were sent on this purpose. After Turkish governments` close acquaintance with the situation on initiative of War Minister Anvar Pasha and by the participant of turkish men of war in March of 1918 military structure – «The Caucasian Islamic Army» was formed in Azerbaijan. Young, but wise and gifted general Nuru Hasha was appointed as an army Commander. On May 25 Nuru Pasha with the staff of 20 men came to Ghanja and started forming of the army, mainly consisting of azerbaijanians.
    On May 28, 1918 Azerbaijan National Assembly (Milli Shura) declared about the establishment of Azerbaijan People Republic (Azerbaijan Khalg Jumhuriyyati). As in Baku and in environment was existing Soviet Power under the head of Shaumyan supported by bolshevik-dashnak forces, Azerbaijan national government settled in Ghanja. On aim of freeing Baku from enemies, putting an end to armenian genocide against turks, setting Coucasus free from bolshevik-dashnak disaster Azerbaijan govern-ment asked Turkey for help as there was an agreement between them signed on June 4, 1918 in Batum. Firstly Y Caucasian division headed by Mursal bay came for help. Nuru Pasha ordered to disarm Ghanja armenians who were impatiently waiting for bolshevik-dashnak army and were busy with devastations in rear. This problem was successfully solved in June 11-13. Armenians fightings and terror who lived along the way of Shemakha-Ghanja aganist the mos-lems was absolutely prevented. On June 27-30 Azerbaijan-turkish detachments defeated the Red Army near Ghoychay and Garamaryam. On June 6, enemy was overwhelmed in Agsu. On June 10, Kurdamir district was set up free. On June 20th Shemakha, a day later Maraza was set up free. On 27th of the same month bolshevik-dashnak forces were driven out of Hajigabul station. Armenians understanding their responsibility for committed violencies, Russians who were using them for ruling in Azerbaijan, for owaing the oil Baku, besides Englishmen were resisting turkish-azerbaijan troops and wanted at any cost to keep the city in their own hands. At the beginning of September XY Turkish division headed, by Suleyman Izzet bay came for help to Caucasian Islamic Army. On September 15, Baku was set free from the enemy. Till that day Turkish divisions in Azerbaijan lost 1214 men in killed, and 73 men were missing. So, armenian genocide against the azerbaijanians was prevented and disintegration danger of Azerbaijan was passed.
    Armenians followed the policy of annihilation of all the turks in the Southern-Caucasus.
    In April of 1918 they smashed up 82 villages in Gars.
    During the last years of war armenian and russian armed cut-throats dealt atrociously with the azerbaijanians around the lake Urmiya. These events were known in history as «Urmiya Trouble». Loathsome enemy formed a regiment of bared girls and organized official parades.
    Defeated by turkish troops and retreated on the Coucasian direction Andronik Gazanyan being on the head armenians` unit of cut-throats on July 20,1918 entered Nakhchivan. On the next day after 2 houred battle they entered Julfa and seized the bridge leading to Iran. They movedon Khoy – Salmas direction and by sudden attacks they killed 4 Ottoman officers and 200 soldiers took prisoner, they seized 2 cannons and 3 machineguns. Though on june 24 Andronik seized knoy soon he was retreated by Ottoman military detachments. 125 of armenian cut-throats had been killed.
    Returning to Nakhchivan Andro-nik`s men committed atrocities along the way. 2 500 azerbaijanians were killed in Yaygi. Tens of women and children had been drowned in Araks river. Andronik settling near the armenian village Chananav of Ordubad region in July,1918 having no legal bases declared that there had been established the Soviet power in Nakh-chivan and it was the inseparable part of Soviet Russia. But this made-up «govern-ment» had no real supremacy. Akbar khan Nakhchivansky`s arrival with his 149 armed men to Nakhchivan from Baku, organization of Nakhchivan elite, (Moslem assembly was formed in Nakhchivan. Mirza Nasrullah bay, Abbasgyly bay Tahirov, Mashadi Haydar Akbarov, Haji Ali Askar Husseynov, Baylar aga Ghangharlinsky, Mashady Mehmedali Bayramov, Jafargulu khan, Boyuk khan Nakhchivansky were the members of this assembly) and mobilizing of people pacified armenians. Androniks` cut-throats had been defeated at the end of June in Arbagunis, on August 3 in the battles near Nakhchivan by turkish military detachments. At first enemy retreated to Gafan, then to Ghorus. By Andronik`s arrivial from May Armenian state military forces with the help of native armenians enlarged their ethnic cleaning policy in Zangazur – in Azerbaijan area. Azerbai-janians rejected Andronik`s demand to be subbordinated to Armenia. It became the pretext for Zangazur atrocities in 1918. In September 4, Andronik came to Sisiyan and killed 300 men near the village Garagishlag. He demobilized armenians and committed much atrocities. The villages were destroy-ed, more than 500 men were murdered. In general, during the summer – autumn months 115 azerbaijanian villages and 10 small settlements were destroyed in Zangazur. Armenian cut-throats murdered 7729 azerbai-janians, 3257 of them men, 2276 women, 2196 were children. 2339 of them had been mutilated. 400 men from Vagudi were congested into the mosque, exploded them up by home-made grenade, then burnt. They dispenced 14 young girls among the armenian soldiers and finally murdered them with torture. When the bloodsuckers robbed and destroyed the village Imishli they put the babies on the bayonets, then cut the dead-bodies into pieces. Women`s dead-bodies with cut off bosoms, children`s bodies cut into pieces had been thrown on the ways of the village Shaki.
    In August of 1918, armanians held a congress in Shusha and established a made-up structure – «Garabagh goverment» and impudently demanded on people to submit them. Ways to Askaran, Agdam and Karyaghin were blockaded, so azerbai-janians of Daglig Garabagh (Mountainous Garabagh – Nagorniy Karabak) were isolated from the Lowland Karabakh. Azerbaijanians formed a self-defence de-tachment in Shusha. For arms and ammunitaion money was collected and military cources were formed. Ditches were digged and guardiance was appointed in moslem blocks. For the security of rela-tions with the neighbouring villages barricades were made in the mountain Uchmikh. When Nuru pasha arrived to Baku for mobilizing of national forces he kept some turkish officers in Garabagh under Ismayil Haggy bay. One of the I regiments arriving to Azerbaijan was also sent to Garabagh. After that Baku became free I Azerbaijan division (together with the 9th and 106th turkish, lezghin and Garayazy regimenrs), headed by Jamil Jahid bay were sent to Garabagh. On September 25, these detachments entered Garabagh and Jamil bay demanded armenians on disarmament and recognition of Azerbaijan government. Disagreed armenians were warned for the II time. On October 1st Nuru pasha arrived to Agdam. Armenians recognized Azerbaijan government, but kept arms. To keep arms in the hands of vandal armenians was very dangerous. Jamil bay demanded on re-turning the arms within 34 hours. Armenians didn`t give back the arms. (They gave back only 1 cannon, 1 machine gun, 80 guns). On October 4 was taken offencive on Shusha direction. A bloody battle took place not far from Askaran. Enemy ret-reated. The resistance of Khramort, Khanabad, Dashbashy, Garakand, Aranza-min armenians was success fully broken. Armenian villages in Askaran – Shusha, Ghoranboy – Ghanja, Barda – Tartar territories were mainly disarmed. On October 8th, in the morning I Azerbaijan division entered Shusha. Jamil bay met armenian representatives in Shusha church, said that they were forgiven and colled them to be quite. Armenians yielded outwardly, but they were secretly preparing. On Octo-ber 18-19 a bloody skirmish took place not far from Agbulag. Armenians were waiting for a suitable moment.
    On December 5, 1918 «khmba-bet» Japan attacked the moslems in the environment of Nakhchivan. The armenian cut-throats murdered 2116 men, tortured young women and children and insulted them in Almali. They committed artocities near Vedi and Sadarak, too.
    Azerbaijanians as far back in November of 1917 asked for help the Turkish YI army command in Mosul. At first a small unit came to the region on the purpose of studing the situation. In August 1918 turkish troops commanded by Kazim Garabekir pasha entered Nakhchivan. In July-August the Ottoman troops and azer-baijanians oppressed Andranik`s cut-throats back. They wanted to enter Shusha passing through the valley Zibikh. (There armenians declared about the establishment of so made - up «Garabagh (Shusha) republic») Otto-man troops preventing them entered Shusha. Habitants of Haji Hassan village on the head of Sultan bay showed the real heroism in the valley of Zibikh.
    As had been defeated in the World War I the Ottoman troops made to retreat from Caucasus. Turkey retreated to its former borders till 1914. Georgians burst into Akhiskha and Ardahan, armenians to Gars. Armenian cut- throats annihilated the population of Agjagaya among Gars and Otlu, cut off heads of 60 men in every village, and committed atrocities and robberies in Yuzgush, Garagyrd, Guru-dara, Kagisman and Sarigamish. Armenians believing false promises of their patrons were olreaming about Sivas. They didn`t hide their dreamings about meeting with Greek who invaded Izmir and to stain Irmak with blood. Turkish villages seized by Armenia have been robbed, 2 000 turks murdered. Young moslem women were carried from Ghumru to Gars, hundreds of women and children were shot down in the mountains.
    Taking occasion armenians in December of 1918 seized Zangibasar and Vedibasar and entered Sharur. Sharurians with the help of 400 men unit of Kalbali khan coming from Nakhchivan squashed enemy and made them run till the station Arazdayan. Armed unit heading by Mashadi Alaskhar merited in this battle. In January of 1919 armenians bombed Boyuk Vedi and neighbouring villages. But the attacks on Boyuk Vedy at the beginning of July was tragical for armenians. 800 cut-throats were killed, 1 200 men wounded. Azerbaijanians seized 6 machine-guns and a great number of ammunation. Meanwhile major-general Shel-kovnikov`s secret order saying: «Kill all the moslems and throw them to Araks river», was caught.
    After that Turkey troops left Zanga-zur, Andranik enlarged his ethnic cleaning. His cut-throats came to Ghorus in November 24, and with the native arme-nians ruined more than 30 azerbaijanian villages in neighbourhood. A great part of moslems ran to Iran. Some part of refugees drowned in Araks when they were crossing the river.
    Atrocity of armenian cut-throats came to such an extent that general Tomson declared for the allies in Caucasus he demanded on Andranik to stop atrocities and violences against the azerbaijanians.
    Eastern countries tried to prove the armenian-azerbaijanian problem by giving Daglig Garabagh to Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan and Zangazur to Armenia. Final desision would be given by Paris peace conference, but carefully analized the existing documents such an idea was formulated on them. For the serious resis-tance of heroic people of Nakhchivan their efforts to establish Armenian government in this region at first by the support of Englishmen, then americans had been fail-ed.
    In July of 1919 military-politi-cal situation got strained again. Armenian attacks to Alikhanli estate were prevenred. Nakhchivan population with the help of Givrag people beated and made them run. Armenian garrison and armed men of Japan were destroyed near the station Shahtakhti. Armenian military units were absolutely destroyed not far from the station Norashen too. Attacks of enemy to Vedi also wasn`t successful. They lost 4 000 men there. Armenians couldn`t calming robbed and destroyed 60 moslem villages in Igdir and Echmiadzin in August.
    At the begining of September of 1919 native armed armenians got more active in Zangazur. Khozavurt armenians attacked the village Musalmanlar. On September 7, armenians of Shikhauz, Tsav, Kilsakand, Shishkand attacked suburban settlement Shukuratar, killed 2 men and abducted more than 2 500 cattle of azerbaijanians. On November 19, 1919 armenian troops by the help of Iranian and native armenians destroyed the villages Okhchu, Shabadin, Pirdavud, Atgiz in Okhchu valley and dealt with the people. Only 216 out of 1 000 population of 4 villages could save. In total, enemy robbed and destroyed more than 40 villages. On December 25, refugees gathered in Ordubad with the participant of Ottoman Alinja de-tachment and azerbaijanian units in Ordu-bad drove away Aylis armenians from the village who wanted to join enemy to attack the village. Armenian sources declares that at that time 1 400 armenian had been killed.
    On 21 January 1920 armenians ruined 48 villages in Donbarli, 3 in Zangi-lan. It is known that englishmen, americans, besides armenian officers of Lankharan military bolshevik detachments were on their side. Azerbaijan government took precautionary measures against enemy . In February enemy was defeated near the village Donbarli. The villages Donbarli and Gubadli set free. Armenians retreated from Aligulushagi to Zangilan. On March 8, 1920 enemy drew nearer to Ordybad from the side of mountain Nusnus. Armenians of the villages Urtis, Paraga, Chananab and Bist took their part. Ordubad people with the help of forces send by Kalbali khan annihilated more than 300 men of enemy. On the eve of Novruz bayram more than 10 000 of armenian cut-throats attacked some villages of Ordubad and burnt them. Coming for help ottoman military unit consist of 500 men defeated armenian forces near the village Aza. Giving some losses in manpower the enemy ran away.
    Armenian armed units of Zangazur and Garabagh was eager to join. But their efforts had been prevented. In March of 1920 – on Novruz bayram days armenians revolted. But soon it was dispirited. At the end of march enemy was defested in Malkhalaf, Abdallar and Zeyva battles, too. On March 26-27 azerbaijanians with the native partisans got some villages back. In spite of their advantage over forces armenians` new attacks on March 27, failed. Two days later they Aligulushagi got back. Armenians lost more than 300 men. But they with much forces began attacking the areas begining from Hakari river to Shusha. On March 31 enemy seized Gubadli and Donbarli. Armenians of Garabagh and Zangazur could join.
    In April for the proper measures taken by Azerbaijan government enemy was opressed a lot. But on the 28th of that same month Russia with the help of XI Red Army made revolution and established the Soviet Power in Azerbaijan and this influenced the process of events. On April 30, Azerbaijan troop detachments in Garabagh and Zangazur were ordered to stop attacks againist dashnacks and get defence position. But moslems made disarmed. After the failure of revolt rose by instigating of bolsheviks against the dash-nack government on May 1920, armenians got a chance to came to Azerbaijan. Arme-nian troops following them committed robberies and atrocities in Shamkir, Gazakh, Khankandy, Malibayly and Gushchular.
    Breaking the Mondros truce (October 23, 1918) and beginning invade the south regions of Turkey Frenchmen and Englishmen again profitted armenians. From the end of 1918 till the middle of 1919 Frenchmen occupied Kilikiya, Antepe, Marash and Urf. They seized the whole Syria and Aden. A great part of soldiers in Frans military detachments were armenians. Armenian population were also armed. That`s why unarmed turks were givinggreat loses in Belen, Beyrut and other discords spread by armenians. In spite of armenians` subservince. All tries of Istanbul patriarch France didn`t support establishment of Armenian government in Kilikiya.
    Turks rose up against the arme-nians` terrors committed hand-in hand with foreign invaders. Partizan movement took place. On January 20, 1920, national forces, supporters of Kamal pasha over-whelmed Frenchmen and armenians in Marash, Urf and Antep. Armenians and their european supporters appriciated it as genocide again and made a noise. Minister of Foreign Affairs of France Milleran made this noise clear. He announced officially: «There isn`t a singl efact about armenian genocide…Ar-menians also took part in battles, so we did and naturally they also gave loses (about 1 000 men – T. G.) in this war».
    Armenians committed unseen violences in Turkish areas seized by Armenian Republic. They burst into Chakhmag, Yukhary Kotanly, Ashagy Ko-tanly, Oluklu, Kamarly, Tuzluja, Vujuklu, Subhanazad, Igdir, Javlak, Garajayir, Pasly and other villages in the north of Gars, and neighbouring molokan ones, committed massacres and robberies. Molokans who willingly helped armenian terrorists in She-makha and Lankharan were also persuited by them and asked Turkey border teoops for help as turks did.
    Armenians continued violences and outrages in Garabagh, Zangazur and Nakhchivan. Some actions took place against them in Sharur. Armed units head-ed by Kalbali khan and Khalil bay came for help from Nakhchivan. At the beginning of July armenian military detachments attack-ed Zangibasar and seized the station Shah-takhti and Sharur region. 76 villages in Sharur, 48 in Zangazur, 118 in Vedibasar, 74 in Daralayas were robbed, ruined and burnt. Thousands of azerbaijanians were murdered and taken prisoners. 120 000 became refugees. 45 000 of them ran to Iran, a great number of them died of hunger and deseases.
    Armenian troops wanted to seize Nakhchivan. Meanwhile turkish troops (Bayazid division) under the com-mand of Javid bay were obliged to take Nakhchivan under control. On July 6, Russian troops seized Ghorus.
    At the end of july armenian military detachments being under the comands of generals Dro and Njde started new operations in Zangazur, they invaded Sisyan and Ghorus. On august 9, XI army counter-attacking got it back. The next day an agreement was sighned between Arme-nia and Russia. Garabagh, Zangazur and Nakhchivan was considered under the power of Russia. But soon armenians disturbed this agreement and began military operations in Zangazur. Gafan, Sisyan and Ghorus were invaded. Dashnak cut-throat Vahram in 1920 depicted his «courage» so: «I murdered the turk habitants mithout paying attention to anything. Sometimes I spared my bullets…I…killed and stuffed all the men, women and children to the well filled them with stones».
    According to results of the First World war in August 10, 1920, in the French city Sevr was signed the peace contract between the allies and Turkey. The humiliating conditions of this contract for Turkey have given strong pushes to expansion of national movement in the country. Skilfully using the contradictions in Versailles – Washington system and collision of interests of west and Soviet Russia Mustafa Kamal Ataturk has achieved liquidation of this contract.
    Striving to occupy new lands Armenia at the end of September 1920, declared war to Turkey. Turkish troops soon defeated the dashnak army. On September 28th, Sarigamish, 30th Merdinik, on Octo-ber 1st Kagisman, 30th Gars, on November 7th Ghumru was set free. On December 3rd Ghumru (Alexandropol) agreement was signed. Armenian territory was appointed 10 000 km 2 according to this agreement.
    On October 20, 1920 was formed Zangazur «blow group» of the XI army. Sharur and Gafan were seized and sovie-tized.


     
     
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