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: Armenian Terrorism Against The Turks 3
 

  • On the whole, in 1918-1920 out of 575 000 azerbaijanians 565 000 were murdered and driven out. 60 per cent of azerbaijanians lived there were annihilated. 84 villages in Bayazid, 96 in Echmiadzin and Surmali regions, all the moslem villages in Iravan had been destroyed. 22 villages with their 60 000 population had been turned into heap of ruins by armenians in Goyja. On the whole, in November 1920, when the Soviet Power was eatablished in Armenia stayed a little more than 10 000 azerbaijanians there.
    In 1921, when dashnaks revolted in Armenia SSR, armenian cut-throats headed by Yapon for seizing the Norashen railway station attacked and seized the villages Sadarak, Yaygi, Jafarli, Arpa and robbed azerbaijanians. Girmizi Tabor (Red Camp) headed by Abbasgulu bay Shadlincky courageously fought against the enemy, in bloody battles near Danzik dashnak bands annihilated.
    So, at the begining of the XX century (till 1921) about 600 000 azer-baijanians became objects of terror politics of armenian nationalists. About 351 000 azerbaijanians had been murdered. Meny villages - 197 of Iravan, 229 of Baku provinces, 62 in Ghanja and 157 in Gara-bagh regions were striken out of the map.
    In this genocide not only arme-nians, but as well as their patrons who supported, armed and instigated them were guilty.
    The Soviet empire considered armenian problem as a mean for keeping its power in Southern Caucasus. Only by a dacisive position and help of Turkey (According to Turkey-Russia agreements Moscow signed in 1921, March 16 and Gars on October 13), for heroic Nakhchivan people, as a result of active struggle of its elite, Nakhchivan stayed as an autonomous republic in the structure of Azerbaijan.
    In the second half of 1921 Zangazur-Ghorus were seized by Armenia. It was the result of the weakness of elite, indifferent attitude of Azerbaijan govern-ment to this region, mistaken attitude approaching from the class position to Sultanov (Sultan and Khosrov bays) brothers who had a great authority there.
    Moscow achieving to from autonomous region in Daglig Garabagh on July 7, 1923 lit a camp fire of conflict that could blaze up whenever they liked.
    In January of 1927 by the resolution of Transcaucasion Executive Committee 24 villages of Mehri and Jabrail provinces, in June of the same year 1 065 dessiatina (measure of land - 2,7 acrs) from Ashagi Zangazur, in February of 1927 13 000 hectares of Azerbaijan territory villages Nuvady, Tugut, Yernazar, 9 villages of Nakhchivan (NULL,9 des.), areas between Gaymagly and Kurumuzlu (NULL,9 hec.) were given to Armenia. So, Nakhchivan territorially parted from Azerbaijan. In 1938 for the accurate definition of Azerbaijan Armenia borders equalateral commission was formed. From the Azerbaijan side this commission was headed by an armenian Isakhanyan the chief of Land Commission.(A strange equalateral, isn`t it ?!) According to signed protocol on March 5-7, Garagol plato of Lachin, area colled Chayzamin of Gubadlu, Kamarli village of Gazakh, Zod area of Kalbajar was given to Armenia. But azerbaijanians resisted and didn`t give their lands.
    Grigoryans and markaryans burst into low protection organs of Azerbaijan SSR, especially taking an occassion of repression years of 30s be-came the organizers of Azerbaijan elite`s politicans, scientists, specialists, including oil specialists, poets, writers and art men`s annihilation charging them with false faults.
    Using Anastas Mikoyan`s high posi-tion in the USSR supremecy armenians during the World War II made a new pian for displacing azerbaijanians to Central Asia and Kazakhstan. By particular efforts of Mikoyan being the chif of State Migra-tion Committee formed on October 25th, 1941, was adopted a resolution on this case on December 7th, 1942. But Azerbaijan ruler M. J. Bagirov could make Stalin to believe that deportation of azerbaijanians from Azerbaijan wouldn`t serve victory neither politically, nor economically. It would reduce oil production and badly effect azerbaijan soldiers in army. A.Miko-yan as if wanting Baku not to be seized by Germans, made a plan with code of Spe-cial Operation which considered Baku to be mined amd destroyed. Germans plan on seizing Baku failed on September 25th, 1942, and this saved the city of annihilation.
    By the end of war in 1944 deportation of a part of Azerbaijan turks and Mahsati turks not having any military neccessity from their motherland was also A.Mikoyans service.
    In autumn of 1945 Armenia SSR for the next time asked the USSR sup-remecy for handing Daglig Garabagh to Armenia. When supremecy of the state asked Bagirov`s mind on this case he agreed on one condition, the all Daglag Garabagh, except Shusha, which the majority of the population are azerbaijanians would be given to Armenia, instead of Azerbaijanian regions of Armenia where azer-baijanians lived. It would be a great condescension to Armenia. Becouse those areas demanding by Azerbaijan were a small part of those given to Armenia voluntarily in request of Moscow in 1920. It would be abolishing of artifical armenian territory formed among turkish nations of Soviet empire and Turkey. Naturaly Moscow didn`t go on this. On the contrary rose a problem for the settling of akhbars - armenians came from abroad, undoubtedly on Mikoyan`s initiative the problem of deportation of azerbaijanians from Armenia SSR to Azerbaijan SSR. It was the next stage in deportation of azerbaijanians from their motherlands from the lands invaded by Armenia SSR. On December 23, 1947 Council of Ministers passed a resolution about The deportation of collective farmers and other Azerbaijanian popu-lation from the Armenia SSR to the Kur-Aras lowland of the Azerbaijan SSR. In accordance to this resolution in 1948-1950 years 100 000 azerbaijanians voluntarily had to be moved to Azerbaijan. But in 1948-1953 not account rhat principle of voluntarity more than 144 000 men were moved from the Armenia SSR to the Azerbaijan SSR by force. Every one out of 3 that deportees from mountainous regions to lowland couldn`t get accustomed to a new, hot, dry climate, living conditions died from hunger and deseases. Moscow achieved its wish. Azerbaijanians decreased in Armenia. Bisides expension of armenians to western regions of Azerbaijan Dashkassan, Goranboy, Shamkir, Ghanja, Mountainous Karabakh and to Baku increased. Thousands of armenians were expanded to a new industrial centers Sumgait, Ali-Bayramly, Mingachevir, Dashkassan.
    Armenians consolidated in the supremacy of the USSR tried to prevent the economic development of Azerbaijan. On this case the I vice-chairman of the USSR State Planning Committee Mkrtichyan, chairman of the Industrial Department Kalankarov appealed to the State Chiefs with a special letter saying about the unprofitableness of Azerbaijan oil industry, stopping the capital investment to oil-extration industry, especially to oil-output from the sea.
    From the II half of 40s stimulated interests of organizing and acting of Garabagh movement in Armenia. Making disturbances armenians demanded on approving of resolution from May 5, 1938. Dealing with azerbaijanians in Khan-kandy in 1967, murdering some of them was also appearance of that pressure. On May 7, 1969 at Moscow`s urgent request Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR proved the resolution about the giving of more than 2 000 hectares of Azerbaijan areas in border regions to Armenia. But later on being Azerbaijan head Haydar Aliyev didn`t allow execution of this resolution.
    Another appearance of anti-turk policy of the Soviet empire realized by armenians in Southern Caucasus was the armenization of toponymes of ancient Azerbaijan areas. Names of 876 ancient Azerbaijan villages and districts were changed and made armenian ones in 1924-1959 in Armenia.
    In 70s the Soviet empire felt shakening and weakening of its basis in consecutive order, again took an occasion of Turkey`s difficulties which was the member of NATO, tried to impair its, as well as the NATO`s authority in this region. Again armenians turned to the implement in the hands of Russian chauvinists. In 1975 for the liberation of Armenia clandestine army ASALA was formed by a Syrian armenian of marxist outlook who intro-duced himself as Akopyan in Beyrouth. It was a terrorist organization being under the control of Soviet Power, trained in the bases of Palestine Liberty Organization. In forming of ASALA soviet diplomat, col-laborator of the USSR State Security Committee Soldatof, who was serving in Lebanon at that time had a share. Besides ASALA Armenian revolutionary army, The justice commandos for armenian genocide and other organizations were functioning in this direction. From 1973 for the attracting the world`s attention to armenian problem armenian terrorists killed more than 50 Turkey citizens, chiefly diplomats and their relatives. American armenian organization considering itself The main blow group in various international forms began to announce the political demands of terrorists. These demands were as follows: Armenian ter-rorists wanted Turkey to acknowledge the fact of armenian genocide, to establish Armenian state in its territory, to join this state including Nakhchivan, Akhalkalak and Daglig Garabagh with Armenia SSR. Slanderous accusations company began against the Turkey Republic. But NATO states, especially USA was understanding the stratejic essence of the matter.
    In the II half of 80s when the centrifugal forces of perestroyka (reorga-nization) became more active, both states wanting destruction of the trouble em-pire, and Russia wanting to keep the Southern Caucasus in its clutches tried to tare occasion. In 1985 the fact of Armenian genocide was recognized by UNO (United Nations Organization), later (in July 18, 1987) by European Parliament. Beeing under the protection of 2 sides armenian nationalists again activated the realizing of their reckless politics to form The Great Armeni which was based on genocide and terror. The XXIII congress of dashnak party held in Athens in 1985 called armenians to make the most efficient use of the situation, put forces together for the enlarging of struggle for The Great Armenia. After bringing by international armenian mafia marshal Lana Anto-neskonn`s close friend Levon Karapet Palchyan to the post of cathalikos anti-turkish agitation and terror was enlarged.
    At the end of 80s in the con-ditions of existed reality Soviet empire`s efforts headed by Gorbachov execution of half utopian politica of perestroyka and hopes to his precarious methods were failing. State was rapidly growing weak, and traditional Russia-Turkey problem becaming actual. The official quarters prepared such a veiled plan, gradually to move turks from their native lands to slav republics, and settle other nations in their lands. Using all the means such an idea was formed in people that the turkish people, including azerbaijanians were not able to independent political and economical ruling. The Kazakhstan problem, uzbek matter and other processes, especially removing of his high post the eminant leader of the turkish world Heydar Aliyev, who was vigorously oppossed to anti-turk politics of government in reality was serving to frustraition of selfconfidence to their ability, to their leaders, to live self-dependently, putting them without leaders. Being in the encirclement of Gorbachov shahnazarovs, aganbekyans had a great influence on Moscow officials in the formation of anti-turk attitude of mind. Paruy Gazaryan, Zorry Balayan, S. Khan-dzanyan, B. Ulubabyan, Silva Kapu-tickyants and other`s instigating works that falsificated the history, insulted azerbai-janians, took an exceptional importance in making armenian nationalism more pugnacious, in flaming of national conflict. Zorry Balayan`s books Between the two fires, Accident, Heath more emo-tionally affected the long-suffering nation. In her poems Silva Kaputickyants colled bloodthirsty Andranic to take his mouser again to kill azerbaijanians, to tear stomacks of women. And she noted that she-herself would help him. All was done for enlarging the activity of Garabagh Committee. In the middle of 1980 armenians tried to seize some parts of Gazakh region by force. But republic government by the help of military forces suppressed the protest of azerbaijanian population. Trying to make disturbances in Baku armenian terrorists set off an explosions in the city traffic. Three times was burnt the Theatre of Opera and Ballet which was repaired recently. Appeals with the 300 000 signs of armenians were sent from Armenia to more than 30 countries and international organizations of the world with an intention of proving the necessity of joining the Daglig Garabagh to Armenia. In October of 1987 first open meeting was held in Pushkin square of Iravan. Official Moscow didn`t retrain from announcing to the world his positive attitude to Garabagh movement that was said by A. Agan-bekyan in November 1987, though it was non-official. He notified in his interview to the newspaper of Humanite on its number for 18th November, 1987, that he consi-dered joining of Daglig Garabagh to Arme-nia advisable and he had made some sug-gestions on this matter to the head of state. Behind a group of armenian nationalists again communists, agents of State Security Committee were at the head of armenian movement.
    Armenian committees of Unity of independent national predetermination and Armenian committee on defence of political prisoners were carrying work in this direction in Moscow. Local organi-zation of Garabag Committee for a long time clandestinely functioning in Azer-baijan, especially in Daglig Garabagh, began an open activity under the name of Krunk, movement of Miatsum (jun-ction) was expending.
    The result of this politics was that in 1988, from the territory of Armenia SSR, from 185 villages and other settlements, being their ancestor`s native lands, 230 000 azerbaijanians were driven out, 31 000 house, 1000 farmings belonging to them, 165 kolkhoz and state farms were robbed, 214 men killed, 1154 wounded, hundreds of men outraged, girls and women were in-sulted. For this purpose beforehand special well-armed units had been prepared. Refugees from Gafan and Mehri of Arme-nia SSR getting rid of the atrocities of the criminals on January 25, 1988 came to Azerbaijan.
    On February 9, 1988 a large anti-turk meeting was held in Erivan. Clear out Armenia from turks!, Only arme-nians must live in Armenia! and other nationalist catchwords was sounding. On February 21, armenian vandals attacked and ruined the last mosque kept in Erivan. The genius of Azerbaijan art of ashug (Caucasian folk poet and singer) Ashug Aleskhar`s grave was insulted and the great poet Samad Vurgun`s monument was destroyed. At the beginning of 1988 terror acts against the azerbaijanians were expanding in Vedibasar. Girls and women, old men had been insulted. The villages were robbing. Having no help about 4 000 person beaten, insulted, bearfoot were obliged to come over the snowy mountain ridges to Azerbaijan. On March 10, 1988 in the south of Erivan, 4 habitants of the village Mehmandan were murdered. Again a great number of refugees getting rid of armenian chaze came to Zangilan. More than 100 houses in villages Vedi, Shirazli, Khalisa, Shidli of Ararat region were robbed, burnt and residents were driven out. In the middle of may again azer-baijanian villages had been attacked near Erivan. 880 habitants of the village Shirazli ran up to USSR-Turkey border and sheltered there. 10 000 habitants of 5 more villages of Ararat region joined them. Armenian fasicists committed more awful atrocities in Gugark. At the end of No-vember and at the begining of December of 1988, 70 azerbaijanians were murdered in this region. Only in the village of Gozaldara of this region 21 persons, including 6 women and 3 babies had been murdered, 17 persons were murdered in Vartana. On August 8, 1991, the last representatives of azerbaijanians Nuvadi inhabitanrs during a day by the help of Russian soldiers were driven out from Armenia. There stayed no single azerbaijanian in the ancient Azer-baijan lands being the territories of Ar-menia. Ended the genocide of azerbai-janians in their native lands being after-wards territories of Armenia state.
    Population of neighboring regi-ons uprose to drive out armenians from Daglig Garabagh. It was reaction to driving out of azerbaijanian turks from Armenia. But the prosess had been stopped by the local functioners being oppressed by Centre. Even azerbaijanians driven out from Armenia were not allowed to settle in Daglig Garabagh.
    Armenians for proving their deeds on world communities eyes on February 28, 1988 committed intrigation by the active help of Edik Grigoryan in Sum-gait.
    Murdered armenian is dearer for dashnaks. These words had been said in 1919 by western journalist Scotland Lid-dle which exactly characterized the real face of armenian nationalists. And this opinion also belongs to him and quite corresponds the truth: Armenians always looking for fighting. When they achieve it, on the purpose of agitation say: Don`t let them to kill us. Sumgait provacation also was prepared on this scenario. Some days before that rich armenians got their savings from the banks and left the city. Milishmen weren`t allowed to carry not only gans, but ever bludgeon in the city where extremist mood was purposely instigating and any time could be committed a provocation (a great part of humilated and driven away people were here). Procurator`s organs, detachments brought to city under the command of general Karayev were also inactive. For taking photographs, bringing it with a sensation to the whole world`s notice, in the places where the planned crimes could be commited beforehandly tele-photo operators were replaced. One of the provocateurs Edic Grigoryan personally killed 5 armenians. At the result of this tragedy commited by armenians in the city 32 peoples, including 26 armenians and 6 azerbaijanians were killed. The whole Azer-baijan people condemned this provocation, its authors and those who translated it into reality. Armenians reached their aims. Adorning this tragedy with inconceivable made ups they achived to form a negative attitude of mind on international community.
    Crimes commited aganist azer-baijanians were met indefferently both by Moscow and deceived world community and this inspired separatists in Daglig Garabagh - NKAR. On March, 1988 Cen-tral Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union (CC CPSU) and Council of Ministers of the USSR passed a resolution on increasing the speed of social-economical development in NKAR. But in reality was put a foundation of NKAR`s leaving from Azerbaijan. By this resolution Mountainous Garabag got exclusiv rights and all unit Ministers and Structures had been charged on solving problems of region. On June 21, 1988 session of People`s Deputies of Daglig Garabagh dis-cussed the problem of annection of NKAR to Armenia SSR. Supreme Soviet of Arme-nia SSR gave his consent. This actions weren`t lawful according the existed Consti-tution of the USSR . But the resolution adopted on January 12, 1989 by the Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the USSR about the formation of special ruling form in Daglig Garabagh and its straight subordination to Centre was a new step in separation of NKAR from Azerbaijan SSR. Heads of the USSR in subsequent offical documents even didn`t mentioned to whom the region was belonging.
    All these made armenian nationalists more active. On September 18, 1988 they attacked Khojali. The bloody skirmish took place there. On September 21 and October 18 in Khankahdy (Stepanakert) azerbaijanians, in reply in Shusha houses and automobiles of armenians were burnt. On November 24, armed cut-throats from Armenia attacked, invaded villages Eyvazli, Davudlu, Gadirli of Gubadli region and committed atrocities. Eyvazli village was absolutely burnt.
    Beginning from June 12, 1989 in conditions that created by Special Ruling Committee of Daglig Garabagh (headed by A. Volsky) azerbaijanian settlements in the region had been blockaded. With the assisstance of Soviet army detachments armenian bearded men drove out all the azerbaijanians 14 000 men from Khankandy. At the end of August azer-baijanians having lost some part of them were obliged to leave villages Jamilli, Hassanabad and Dashbulag.
    On November 28 by demands and insists of democratic forces of Azerbaijan Supreme Soviet of the USSR annuled Special Ruling Committee in Daglig Garabagh. Ruling of the region had been intrusted to the Organizing Com-mittee of Azerbaijan SSR under the control of Special Commission of Supreme Soviet of the USSR. But on December 1, 1989 Supreme Soviet of Armenia SSR adopted a resolution on joining Daglig Garabagh and Armenia SSR. Armenian state flag was haisted in Khankandy. Management affairs, enterprises had been submitted to ministries and central boards of Armenia SSR. On January 15, 1990, Supreme Soviet of the USSR announced about the state of emergency in NKAR and in neighbouring region. By the resolution from May 22, 1990, Council of Ministers of the USSR revirted the right of economical manage-ment of the region to Azerbaijan.
    But savegery of armenian nationalists was continued. On January 12, 1990, enemy from the helicopters threw some landing forces to village Gushchu of Khanlar region, outrageously dealt with the peaceful people, tens of men, women, children and old were murdered. Armenian fascists attacked the village Karki of Nakhchivan, seized it and drove out 320 inhabitants. Detachments of the Soviet Army also took part in this operation. On March 24, by night, armenian military units with the help of Russians attacked the village Baganis-Ayrum of Gazakh region, 7 inhabitants of it, including 2 women and two-months` baby were killed and then burnt. On August 18-20, armenian military units with the help of Russians, helicopters and weapons and equipments attacked Gazakh region. Baganis-Ayrum was again destroyed and inhabitants were tortured. 40 days baby was put on bayonets by armenian women and fried. Wild armenians burnt a man and danced yalli around him (I. Ashyrov took it into video-film and showed on CNN TV channel). At the same time they were attacking the villages of Zangilan, Gubadli, Lachin. The inhabitants of Yu-khari-Jibikli of Gubadli with fortitude resis-ted enemy and killed 20 armenian cut-throats.
    For the aggravation of situation armenian terrorists used all the means. On September 16, 1989 they exploded inter-urban passenger bus Tiflis-Baku near Yevlakh. On August 10, 1990 they com-mitted a new terror act in Tiflis-Agdam passenger bus near Khanlar. At the result of explosion 17 men died and 15 wounded. On June 31, 1991 armenian terrorists set of a big explosion on Moscow-Baku passenger-teain not far from Makhachkala, 15 passehgers died, 16 badly wounded. The similar crime was committed on May 30, 1991, near the Kolonyard station. At the result of passenger train`s explosion 12 men died. Not long ago there were tries to explode Simpheropole-Baku train near Rostov.
    A new stage started in Garabagh conflict after the declaration of sovereignity of Azerbaijan Republic (NULL, August 30).
    At the beginning of September an illegal assembly calling himself as the session of NKAR and Shaumyan regional Soviet of People`s deputies declared about the establishment of made-up Republic of Mountainous Garabagh consisting of Daglig Garabagh and a part of Goranboy region of Azerbaijan. On November 26, Azerbaijan Republic annuled the status of NKAR. Beginning from September of 1991, till the middle of 1992, armeniabs by the help of the personal staff of Soviet Army detachments and with the active part of military equipments drove all the azer-baijabians out of former autonomous region`s territories. On January 15 Kjarki-jahan, on February 10, Malibayly, Gushchu-lar were seized.
    Blockaded areas of Khojali and Shusha were tapering. For the forexess, isolation and betray all the resistance measures of detachments of newly formed Azerbaijan Army, Milish units of Special Nomination and native self-defence units were not a success. The operation for running the blockade of Shusha from the side of Dashalti was absolutely unsec-cessful. Azerbaijanian had great loses: 33 in killed, 34 being missed, 36 wounded.
    In February of 1992 enemy began attacking the village Garadagli for the second time. During the bloody battle village passed from hand to hand. After the unequal battles lasting for 4 days armenians seized the village, killed 92 defenders, 54 inhabitants of it and threw them into silo trenches, the rest of the population were taken into prisoners.
    The reasons of enemy`s successes were that the independent repub-lic hadn`t defensive forces, the powerful army building was purposely hampered and conflict factor was used for seizing the power. The state authorities weren`t interested in powerful, regular army and they wanted to prove the importance of keeping the UIS`s (Union of Independent States) troops in republic. Beside he was bared of that the army would be a violency impliment in the hands of opposition. On November 19, was given a decree about the formation of 22 regional and city self-defence battalions, personal staff of which was formulated on the bases of local populations. Beginning from February of 1992, in the majority of villages of Daglig Garabagh were formed self-defence bat-talions consisting of local population. But equipment of these units were very bad. They were unexperienced. They needed officer personnel. Opposition, with their ignorant, populist actings and political ambitions prevented the army building. The wasted actions of those who wanted to seize the post of Minister of Defence, to have power, often changes of Minister of Defence seriously impeded progress of army building and all these helped armenians.


     
     
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